Simple Tenses and Modals

Using Simple Tenses and Modals

To state facts
Present
Past
Modal
Lions live in Africa
Dinosaurs roamed the earth for millions of years.
Mr. jones can juggle.
Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen.
My grandmother passed away last March.
He couldn’t swim at age 10.

To express opinions
(I think) smoking is a disgusting habit.
That was delicious.
Gambling should be banned.
The internet is more useful than the library.
I thought she gave an excellent performance.
He must really like ice-cream.
I think it was a beautiful concert.

You should have left earlier.

To indicate actions which occur every day or on a regular basis?
I get up at 7:30 every day.
When I was in high school. I got up at 6:30.
I have to be at office at 7.
My father drives to work on Tuesdays.
My mother rode the bus until she bought a car.
They used to take the subway.

With frequency adverbs
Jerry always comes to class on time.
At camp, she usually ate breakfast before 7:00.
You should never be late for work.

Using Modals in various situations
Requesting
Asking Permission
Possibility
Hinting
Other
Can you help me?
Can I help you?

I can use some help.
I can help you.
Could you help me?
Could I help you?

I could use some help.
I could help you.

May I help you?
I may need some

I may help you.


help. (probably)




I might need some

I might help you


help. (probably)


Will you help me?

I will need some

I will help you.


help. (most likely)


Would you help me?

I would need some help.

I would help you.


(I guess I probably can’t




do it by myself.)


Would you mind
Would you mind if



helping me?
I helped you?





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