Non Passives

The following sentences indicate a common error among non-native speakers of English.
        X Jackson was arrived at 10:00 yesterday.
        X My dog was died last week.
        X What was happened?
        X Dudley was slept at a hotel last night.
When using the simple past tense, only one verb is needed. The correct sentences are:
Sometimes students confuse the simple past tense with the passive. Notice the difference in the following sentences.

Simple past tense
Passive Past Tense
Tamara ate a sandwich at noon.
A sandwich was eaten by Tamara.
Not Okay
Tamara ate yesterday.
Yesterday was eaten by Tamara.
(Yesterday is not an object. Thus, the passive is not possible here.)

Some verbs in English are in-transitive. That is, they do not take objects. These verbs cannot be used in the passive voice.

Transitive verb and object
Passive voice okay
Alexander wrote a letter.
A letter was written by Alexander.
The news surprised Karen.
Karan was surprised (by the news).
In-transitive verb (no object)
Incorrect! Passive not okay
My dog died last week
X My dog was died last week.
Monica swims every day.
Monica is swum every day.

*Some verbs can be either transitive or in-transitive depending on the situation.

Jim walked to school this morning.
Jim walked the dog this morning.
The dog was walked (by Jim).

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